The history of the discovery of titanium. Physical and mechanical properties.
The discovery of titanium
Titanium in the form of oxide TiO2 was first received an English mineralogist W. Gregor in 1790, In 1795, German chemist M. H. klaproth was able to restore the TiO2 oxide to pure metal.
The element titanium is the most common element in the Earth’s crust, where its content is 0.57%. It contains more than 70 minerals, most important of which are: minerals rutile
|Chemical symbol||Serial number||The atomic weight||Oxidation||Density||Melting point||Boiling point||The specific heat of fusion|
|Ti||22||47,867||2, 3, 4||To 4.54 g/cm3||1668 °C (1941°K)||3560°K||18.8 kJ/mol|
It is a metal with high specific strength. It has sufficient ductility and viscosity, high resistance to fatigue failure. Used in machine building, instrument making and tool-making industry, for manufacturing of cryogenic equipment.
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