Titanium is the metal of the future
The second half of the 20th century was marked by a wide development of titanium production all over the world. This material has a number of advantages — wide accessibility and unique consumer properties. Titan was predicted a bright future. This material is as light and resistant to corrosion as an aluminum-magnesium alloy, but incomparably stronger, more heat-resistant, it does not know the fatigue of the metal. Titanium parts, unlike steel, are about 2−3 times lighter.
Titanium is practically a non-alternative material for the aerospace industry, but it is quite complex in processing, has complex chemical and physical properties. In 1940, William Kroll suggested producing titanium metal in the form of a sponge, by reducing TiCl 4 tetrachloride with magnesium, but this method proved to be very expensive and complex. The development of this metal has invested a multibillion-dollar amount of investment, but no alternative has been found to this day. Metal remains at present very expensive, the main area of its application is the military-industrial complex. If you take the USSR, then in the days of the «arms race», in the late 70s of the 20th century, almost all of the annual supply of titanium was spent on one project. Now you can find information about this project, it turned out to be a nuclear submarine, where the main structural material was titanium. This submarine set a world record (to this day not overlapped) in speed under water, it has a high depth of deepwater, non-magnetic, a small mass.
When it became clear that the use of titanium for military needs was so costly, the number of factories for the production of titanium fell sharply. To date, the production of titanium sponge is engaged in 4 manufacturers, and large consumers of about 10. Consumers, in turn, produce titanium products from titanium rolled products. Among the producing countries and Russia. The titanium industry was founded here in the years of the USSR. The largest industrial complex producing titanium was created, its capacity was 80,000 tons per year. According to this indicator, the country was the first in the world. The branch includes a number of the largest enterprises: Zaporozhye (ZTMK), Ustye-Kamenogorsk (UKTMC), Verkhnesalindinsk (VSMPO), Sverdlovsk region (VSMPO now AVISMA). The largest part of the complex belongs to Russia. AVISMA now accounts for a third of the total output of the titanium sponge and a quarter of the rolled titanium. Russia has a great potential for the development of this industry, as well as for the production of palladium and nickel. The preservation and development of titanium production is not an easy task. In 1991, when the USSR collapsed, there was a sharp decline in the number of orders, the titanium industry survived the crisis. At this time, there was a reduction in orders in dozens of times. But the titanium industry has revived. We will not talk about the history of its revival, but only consider what the position of the modern titanium industry is.
Over the years VSMPO / AVISMA has improved the quality and assortment of its products, it has been certified according to the international standard ISO 9001: 2000. As a result, titanium was used in new industries: for example, in offshore oil production, and also entered the broad world market. Nowadays titanium VSMPO is used in 39 countries and 240 companies. In the aviation sector of the world market, products from Russia compete with alternative suppliers. Only VSMPO-Avisma accounts for 65% of all orders for the titanium of the aircraft construction concern Airbus and 35% for the American Boeing. American politicians take a number of measures to protect their production (Timet, RTI, ATI and Howmet), limiting their country from the supply of titanium from Russia.
The level of expansion of VSMPO / AVISMA abroad is very high. And it happened because of the fact that during the crisis of 2001 the titanium market contracted and there was a sharp decline in the aircraft industry. According to the estimates of the Japanese company Toho Titanium, production capacity utilization decreased in 2002 to 69%. The advantages of our country in the production of titanium have strengthened the introduction of new capacities in the countries of South Africa, the United States and Australia,
The clear result of the revived Russian titanium industry was the consolidation of the VSMPO / AVISMA. The last years of the company’s work are characterized by high profitability of production. The merger was included in the rating of the largest Russian companies. Only in 2003 VSMPO managed to raise 8.37 billion rubles. At the end of 2003, the Corporation paid dividends for the first time. However, in view of the increased costs for magnesium production, this direction almost became unprofitable, which led to a decrease in the indicators of Bereznikovskaya AVISMA (controlled by VSMPO). The main reason is the rise in prices for electric vehicles, with a low price for finished products, the profitability of production decreased by 10%.
The company LLC «Electrovek-steel» sells metal at the best price. It is formed taking into account the rates for LME (London metal exchange) and depends on the technological features of production without including additional costs. We supply semi-finished products from titanium and its alloys in a wide range. All batches of products have a quality certificate for compliance with the requirements of standards. At us you can buy in bulk the most various production for scale manufactures. A wide choice, exhaustive consultations of our managers, reasonable prices and timely delivery determine the face of our company. At wholesale purchases the system of discounts operates.