Titanium, titanium mill products
This element was discovered in 1789, but has long been considered due to impurities little durable material and never been used. Obtained in 1925, pure titanium metal was very practical with many valuable properties. Engineers and designers immediately found a use for it.
Titanium endowed with low density, high specific strength, very high corrosion resistance, does not lose strength at extreme temperatures. It became the basis of modern rocketry and aviation. Lightweight and durable titanium alloys retain their quality at temperatures up to 500 ° C, when aluminum or magnesium alloys is no longer functional, and steels and nickel alloys are inferior to them in specific strength.
Due to the corrosion resistance, titanium is the most widely used in the chemical industry. However, it should be noted that the process of welding is hindered, because of the tendency to oxidize easily in hot form. When welding must be protected from the effects of atmospheric gases, not only the molten weld region, but also all the heated metal. Now successfully used arc welding in an argon atmosphere, electron beam welding, resistance welding methods.
Titanium alloys are known to have been used to create the first jet engine, allowing to reduce their weight by 15… 20%. In particular, it also made the compressor parts, parts of the guide apparatus and all kinds of fasteners. Today’s market has to offer titanium and titanium raw materials at very decent prices, although in the past the price of titanium mill products was extremely high. He has a rare combination of characteristics:
— Compared with conventional aluminum aircraft;
— As material for supersonic aircraft, as compared to nickel-chromium alloys.
Hull structure made of titanium allow to create unique submarines. Titanium is a metal which facilitates the specific gravity of any product. In modern aircraft, missile, ship-building industry — from it create a body part of the wings, the engines, which is the best solution to replace inefficient metals such areas.
Titanium is a lightweight metal silver, element number 22, group IV of the periodic table. It opened at the end of the XVIII century independently by Englishman William Gregor and the German chemist Klaproth. Already at that time, titanium dubbed «metal of the future», so extraordinary qualities he possessed. His strength — similar to Damascus steel strength, while it is much lighter than other metals, resistant to corrosion and corrosive environments, easily forged and stamped. Its corrosion resistance is higher than that of alloys of noble metals, and a low specific weight comparable with aluminum. Low creep titanium similar stainless steel, and the plasticity and extensibility — copper level indicators. It retains its quality from -250 ° C to t ° red-hot steel. The exceptional strength to weight ratio, durability, heat resistance — made it an indispensable material on the leading edge of science and technology of the XXI century.
The physical characteristics of titanium
|Temperature data is received ° C||20 ° C|
|Density [g / cm3]||4.45|
|The coefficient of linear thermal expansion αx10 6 at 100 ° C [1 / ° C]||8.2|
|The elastic modulus of 1 kind, E [MPa] x10 —||1.12|
|Kkoeffitsient thermal conductivity), l [W / (m · deg)]||8.37|
|The specific heat capacity of alloy C at 200 ° C [J / (kg · °)]||0.586|
|The electrical resistivity, Omxmm 2 / m||1.6|
The primary method of producing titanium — recovery TiCl 4 in high temperature sodium or magnesium. The hot titanium reacts readily with atmospheric gases, and therefore the main aim of manufacturing technology is to minimize the contact of the hot metal with N 2, O 2, H 2. The main drawback is the high cost and power consumption of the process. The metallurgy of titanium alloys have a classification configuration crystal lattices: β-state (in the form of a cube), α-state (in the form hexahedron) and α + β (mixed state). According to the processing method of the alloys are divided into casting and wrought.
|Titanium rental||Diameter, mm||Length, mm||Width, mm|
|Trumpet||12 — 300||1000−5000||0.5−6|
Note: The weight of the pipe up to 200 kg
Titanium rental store in a covered warehouse or shed where provided adequate protection against mechanical and other kinds of damage.
On the basis of titanium alloys for the manufacture of rocket and aircraft building. Light and heat resistance of titanium allow to use it in the manufacture of heating equipment. He claimed in the cryogenic industry as retains a high ductility and strength under conditions of extreme cold. Titanium alloys produce the most important parts for shipbuilding, including the hull and propellers underwater vessels. His biological inertness allows you to create structural materials for reconstructive surgery and use in food and pharmaceutical industry. The inertness of titanium is important to create surgical instruments and prostheses in orthopedics, dentistry. Titanium produces body armor and elements of modern design. Despite its high cost, its use economically feasible lightness, strength, durability.
Buy at a bargain price
In stock company «Electrovek-steel» is always in the presence of a wide range of products of high quality titanium. We sell wholesale and retail products at best prices. Quality guaranteed by strict observance of standards and technology. The technical documentation contains information on the chemical composition of the products, limiting the percentage of impurities, and mechanical properties. Production passes ultrasonic inspection for defects. Consultations of experienced managers to help you make a choice. Ongoing orders — as soon as possible. Wholesale customers preferential discounts provided.