Steel 16Х12В2ФТаР (EK181)
|Designation GOST Cyrillic||16Х12В2ФТаР|
|Designation GOST Latin||16X12B2FTaP|
|By chemical elements||16Cr12W2VTiаB|
|Designation GOST Cyrillic||ЭК181|
|Designation GOST Latin||EK181|
|By chemical elements||-|
16Х12В2ФТаР steel is used: for the production of bars with a diameter of 13 mm, tubular billets and pipes used for the fabrication of parts and structures of the active zones of nuclear energy (fast) and fusion reactors.
Corrosion-resistant ferritic-martensitic low-activated steel.
|Blanks. Of the workpiece. Slabs||В31||TU 14-131-1073-2010|
|Bars and shapes||В32||TU 14-131-1077-2010|
According to TU 14-131-1073-2010 and TU 14-131-1077-2010 the chemical composition is given for steel grade 16Х12В2ФТаР-ВИ (ЭК181-ВИ). Cerium is introduced into the metal by calculation and chemical analysis is not determined. Boron, zirconium and tantalum are introduced into the metal by calculation and their actual content is recorded in the quality document. The mass fraction of nitrogen and oxygen is optional, the deviation is not a rejection sign. The mass fraction (%) of non-ferrous metal impurities should be no more than: arsenic (As) 0.005, lead (Pb) 0.0005, cadmium (Cd) 0.0005, tin (Sn) 0.001, antimony (Sb) 0.001, bismuth (Bi) 0.0005, zinc (Zn) 0.001. The results of control of non-ferrous metal impurities are optional. The actual content is indicated in the quality document.
|Section, mm||sT|s0,2, MPa||σU, MPa||d5, %|
|Tubular billet on the other 14-131-1073-2010 and bars on the other 14-131-1077-2010. Hardening in air, 1080-1100 °C (delay of 40-60 minutes) Leave at 680-720 °C (extract 1-3 hours), air cooling|
Description mechanical marks
|sT|s0,2||Yield strength or limit of proportionality with a tolerance for residual deformation of 0.2%|
|σU||Limit short-term strength|
|d5||Elongation after rupture|
|Macrostructure and pollution||The macrostructure of the workpiece in the delivery state should not have cracks, bubbles, bloat of the crust, delamination, traces of shrinkage, inclusions, visible to the naked eye. Allowable defects of the macrostructure shall not exceed: Central porosity, point heterogeneity and phase separation square - 1.0 points for each parameter; the common spotted liquation, edge spotty liquation and liquation Pousada - 2.0 points for each parameter. Layer-by-layer crystallization and the square of the increased travelmasti are not rejection symptom. Standards in scores of macrostructure optional and are entered in the document about quality. The content of nonmetallic inclusions by the maximum score shall not exceed: oxides of stroke (OS), and oxides of point (FROM) - 1.5 points for each parameter; silicates fragile (CX), silicates plastic (SP) silicates, non-deformed (SN) and sulfides (S) - 1.0 points for each parameter; the nitrides and carbonitrides stroke (NS) and the nitrides and carbonitrides point (NT) - 2.0 points.|
|Particularities of production of goods||Tubular billet of diameter from 63 to 85 mm comes with ukonom not less than 10, the tubular billet with a diameter of 85 mm comes with ukonom at least 4. The ingots subjected to homogenizing annealing at temperatures below 1160° C for 6 hours, allowed to reconcile the homogenizing annealing, heating under hot deformation. The tubular billet is supplied in the heat treated condition according to the mode: heating to a temperature of (800±20) °C, cooling with the furnace to a temperature of 600 °C, then air cooling.|
|Features of heat treatment||The ingots subjected to homogenizing annealing at temperatures below 1160 °C for 6 hours, allowed to reconcile the homogenizing annealing, heating under hot deformation. The rods are supplied in heat treated condition according to the mode: heating to a temperature of (800±20) °C, cooling with the furnace to a temperature of 600°C, then air cooling.|